You’ve likely heard the term “dropshipping” before – but do you know what it is? This section explains the unique fulfillment that is dropshipping.
It All Starts with Assortment
Product assortment has been called the most important job of senior retail management. In this secion, we look at some ways you can better manage your ecommerce assortment by utilizing dropshipping.
Supplier Relationships: Date Before You Marry
Suppliers are the backbone of the retail world. But getting stuck with an undependable supplier can cause big challenges for retailers. This section gives some advice on how to choose a top-notch supplier.
Dropshipping isn't Just for the Little Guys
Dropshipping has often been touted as a fulfillment method for small online stores with little-to-no startup capital. But did you know there’s plenty of big-name retailers that use dropshipping?
Long-tail Products and Brand Building
Dropshipping presents some unique opportunities for online retailers to establish a catalog of long-tail products, in addition to building their brand through new product acquisitions. This section examines how to do so.
Dropshipping Pitfails to Avoid
Dropshipping isn’t a get-rich-quick scheme, and in order to succeed with it, you need to know what not to do.
What Drop Shipping Won't Do For You
While dropshipping does offer many benefits and advantages over owning an inventory outright, there are some things dropshipping won’t do for you and your ecommerce business.
A Retailer's Path to Starting Dropshipping
Now that you understand dropshipping, it’s time to get started using it in your own ecommerce business.
Dropshipping: What is it?
The phrase “dropshipping” is one that many retailers are familiar with, but many may not fully understand what it is.
Dropshipping is a form of product fulfillment in which a customer’s order is shipped directly from the supplier, as opposed to shipping from a retailer. This model removes the need for a retailer to stock products in a warehouse, which saves the retailer a lot of overhead expense.
Dropshipping is used by a number of companies, large and small, all over the world. It’s a proven, effective model and is also a great strategy for small and/or new retailers to start selling with less up-front capital.
Oftentimes, dropshipping suppliers can get better prices from couriers than a small or just-starting online retailer. This means they can pass those savings along to you, the retailer.
The dropshipping process looks something like this:
A customer visits your site and finds a product they’d like to buy
The customer places an order for the product from your store and pays you
You pass that order information along to your dropshipper, who keeps the products in stock in their warehouse, and pay the wholesale price to the supplier
The dropshipper packages and ships the product directly to the customer
You keep the margin between your retail price and the supplier’s wholesale price as profit
Now that we’ve explained what dropshipping is, we’re going to look at many of the different factors that go into successfully using dropshipping as a fulfillment method.
It All Starts with Assortment
Proper assortment is key in the retailing world. In fact, it’s even been called the most important job of senior retail management.
In an article for the Harvard Business Review, authors Dieter and Nils Brandes said, “The biggest problem with retailing today is that in too many companies, senior management neglects its most important job: to manage the assortment of goods and services they sell.”
Without the proper assortment of products in your store, you’ll lose customers to retailers with a more attractive mix of products.
It will take time to find the right assortment of products for your particular niche. You’ll need the items that sell quickly and in large quantities, but you’ll also want to make sure you have plenty of long-tail items on hand to bundle with other products.
For traditional retailers, increasing their assortment means taking on more and more products in their warehouse without the guarantee the products will sell enough to become profitable. However, with dropshipping, that risk is eliminated and retailers can expand their product assortment with only the cost of digitally onboarding the new products into their catalog.
How do you go about increasing your assortment? Let’s go over a few steps.
Understand what your customers are buying
The first step in increasing your assortment is looking at what your customers are already buying. Knowing what and when your customers are buying will help you add more relevant products to your catalog.
For new retailers without access to extensive product and purchase data, using Amazon is a good way to find products relevant to your core offering. At the bottom of a product page, Amazon upsells related products under the “Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought” heading. Search for some of your top- selling products and see what other items are commonly bought along with it.
Let your customers’ buying habits guide your assortment, instead of the other way around.
For example, searching for a Canon EOS Rebel T5 on Amazon shows that customers are also frequently buying SD cards, a Canon EOS Rebel T5 for Dummies book and replacement batteries.
Experiment with your assortment
Your assortment should always be evolving, since the wants of consumers are constantly changing. This is where your own expertise comes in. You should be selling in a niche you’re knowledgeable about (selling everything and anything is best left to big-box retailers) and you must have insight into your industry. What would you like to see in the marketplace? What do you think others in the industry would like to buy?
The article from Harvard Business Review illustrates this point by saying, “Be aware, too, that market research can only tell you so much. But the beauty of the retail business is that managers are consumers too. Ask them to use their own instincts about the different signals that would be sent by different assortments.”
While you may not have managers, or even other employees for that matter, your opinions on assortment are valid precisely because you’re also a consumer.
Properly merchandising your products is another aspect of assortment management that’s important to understand. However, merchandising can have a bit of a learning curve for new or small online retailers.
Merchandising is the process of putting the right product in front of the right customer at the right time. It can be a time-consuming effort, but it’s worthwhile.
Volusion has a few excellent blog posts on merchandising, and we’ve linked to them here and here.
Supplier relationships: date before you marry
This is a topic we touched on in the first chapter but need to revisit in a bit more detail.
For small and just-starting online retailers, a good supplier is very important. A good supplier can help build your ecommerce brand, while a bad supplier is going to make doing business very difficult.
Finding suppliers is easy; a search for “wholesale dropship suppliers” brings up roughly 731,000 results in Google. Finding good suppliers, however, is where the challenge lies.
When you’re looking for a good supplier, look for all the hallmarks of a good business. Do they have a real address? Phone number? Give them a call and ask about their operations. See if they have any other current customers you can contact and see how their customer service is. One quick thing to take note of here: wholesale suppliers are known throughout the industry to have poorly-designed websites. So while looking for a supplier online, you may come across perfectly legitimate companies whose sites look less than legitimate. Don’t take it at face value, and do your research before jumping into anything.
Some suppliers will charge a “drop fee” in addition to their shipping costs. This is a fee for packaging and shipping single items from a warehouse. Since the supplier in a dropshipping relationship bears the financial risk of warehousing the bulk inventory, they offset that risk in the form of the drop fee. Seeing that a supplier charges a drop fee isn’t the sign of a scam or a seedy dropshipper; it’s a very common and accepted practice.
Dropshipping isn’t just for the little guys
While dropshipping is a great method for smaller retailers, it’s not exclusive to that area of the retail market. Those who run a larger ecommerce business can (and should) take advantage of the benefits dropshipping has to offer.
We’ve already gone over how dropshipping is beneficial for larger retailers looking for new suppliers, as well as the benefits it presents for those retailers looking to increase their assortment without any additional overhead.
So let’s take a look at a few other ways larger companies can utilize dropshipping.
Rolling out new products can present a business with some different challenges. For most retailers, introducing a new product to their catalog means that they’ll be stocking a large amount of the product without any guarantee it will sell.
This is why so many retailers are focused on market testing: gauging customer interest in a product before launching a full-scale rollout will reduce the risk involved in this process.
Dropshipping can help retailers reduce this risk even further. Before buying a bulk amount of the product to ship out from a warehouse, large retailers can instead begin selling new products via dropshipping. If the product sells well, they can move towards a bulk purchase agreement with a supplier and sell the items from their own warehouse, knowing that they’ll be able to move the product quickly.
The dropshipping model also gives retailers more options for selling a product throughout its entire life cycle, which leads us to the next point:
Dropshipping provides a great solution for retailers looking to stock and sell more seasonal items. Keeping Christmas lights and Halloween decorations in stock year-round may not be viable for some retailers, and it’s not always easy to find storage space for them when the season to sell comes around.
Utilizing a dropship supplier to send your seasonal goods is a great way to provide your customers with these products without finding a spot for them in your warehouse.
Larger retailers can also benefit from the long-tail and brand building benefits dropshipping provides. We go into detail on both of those in the Long-Tail Products and Brand Building section of this guide.
Long-Tail Products and Branding Building
Dropshipping offers bigger retailers and ecommerce brands unique opportunities to experiment with long-tail products, and build their brand at the same time.
The long-tail theory, developed by Chris Anderson, is pretty simple. According to longtail.com, the theory of long-tail is that, "As the costs of production and distribution fall, especially online, there is now less a need to lump products and consumers into one-size-fits-all containers. In an era without the constraints of physical shelf space and other bottlenecks of distribution, narrowly-targeted goods and services can be as economically attractive as mainstream fare."
Not every product you stock needs to be a big-ticket, top-selling item. Stocking plenty of niche-related products that sell steadily over time is a necessity in today’s retail world.
For retailers with limited warehouse space, stocking enough long-tail products to meet demand may not be viable. Dropshipping offers a way for retailers to continue selling the valuable long-tail products they need to while not taking up valuable warehouse space.
Strategic brand partnerships
For large, vertically-integrated brand retailers, dropshipping may not seem like a viable option. After all, one of the biggest benefits of doing business as a vertically-integrated brand is the fact that every aspect of product production is owned by the company, lessening costs and ensuring a higher quality of products.
However, we’ve seen some big vertically-integrated brand retailers utilize dropshipping as a way to create brand partnerships. The best example of this is Apple.
Apple bought Beats a few years ago, but before then had been selling their headphones in Apple stores. In fact, in 2013, Apple sold over $1 billion worth of Beats headphones.
This relationship illustrates how large brands can identify other relevant products in their niche, and thusly move into a partnership to sell those products. This eliminates the additional cost of a brand producing their own product. You’d be offering a third-party product bundled with one of your own, without the production cost of the new item.
For larger retailers, this kind of a relationship is beneficial for both parties, and you don’t have to buy the other company the way that Apple bought Beats. Partnering with other respected brands will increase your own brand’s image in the eyes of many consumers.
Dropshipping Pitfalls to avoid
Dropshipping is a valuable and viable fulfillment method, but that doesn’t mean it comes without potential drawbacks. There are some pitfalls in the dropshipping world that you need to anticipate and avoid if you want to have success with it.
Don’t compete on price alone
This is a topic we touched on earlier, but it’s worth revisiting.
Wal-Mart can afford to sell some of its products at a loss because they sell such a massive volume of other profitable items. As a smaller online retailer, you can’t afford to operate on that kind of scale.
Trying to compete in the online world on price alone isn’t a viable strategy. Instead, look for other ways to add value to your products through your industry expertise, or packaging items together to reduce total cost.
Don’t sell what everyone else is selling
Because dropshipping lowers the barrier to entry for many smaller retailers, online marketplaces are full of thousands of less-experienced sellers trying to sell the same products. If you go into business trying to sell the same hot products as everyone else, you’ll quickly become frustrated. When a large number of businesses are selling the same product, that increased competition drives down prices. This means that the only sellers making any kind of a profit on these items are the big-box retailers, and competing with them isn’t worth your time as a small or just-starting online retailer.
Don’t sell what you don’t know
For smaller retailers, selling a product you’re knowledgeable about is incredibly important. Since you can’t always compete with bargain-basement prices, you have to focus on adding value elsewhere in your customer’s buying process. When you’re knowledgeable about the products you’re selling, you have a potentially significant customer service advantage over larger retailers who don’t know the product.
Don’t sell solely in one marketplace
Establishing your own branded retail channel is a critical piece of your growth puzzle in the online retail world. Even so, some items will sell better on Amazon, eBay or even Facebook. A lot of successful dropship merchants online are cross-channel sellers, with products on their own site as well as other ecommerce marketplaces.
You don’t want to miss out on customers who are looking for what you’re selling but don’t know that your site exists. Selling on Amazon and eBay is a great way to increase your business’ reach.
There are a lot of great tools that exist to help you sell more effectively on Amazon and eBay. Volusion offers seamless integration with eBay and Amazon.
Don’t overlook your shipping cost strategy
A study conducted by Amazon found that 46% of customers will abandon their shopping cart if free shipping isn’t offered. That’s a pretty high number.
You may not always be in a position to offer free shipping on all items (i.e., long tail items with a smaller profit margin) but you should at least experiment with shipping rates to try and provide the cheapest options to your customers.
Remember that dropship fee we mentioned that some dropship suppliers charge? You don’t have to pass that along to your customers in the form of a higher shipping charge; instead, work that fee into the total cost of the product being sold.
If you’d like more information on dropshipping dos and don’ts, you can read a free whitepaper about it here.
What Dropshipping Won’t Do for You
While there are a lot of benefits to using dropshipping as a fulfillment method, it’s important to understand what it won’t do for you.
It won’t make you rich overnight
Many dropshipping companies are run on nights and weekends, as secondary sources of income for their owners. This means retail businesses that use dropshippers aren’t going to get rich overnight.
That’s not to say you can’t be successful with selling online. Understand that doing so will require time and a big commitment on your part to grow your business, build your brand and begin winning loyal customers.
It won’t absolve you of customer service duties
Just because your products are delivered by a third-party supplier doesn’t mean you aren’t responsible for customer service. Your customers won’t know that you utilize dropshipping, and in all reality, they won’t care. It’s up to you to solve any supplier issues that arise, and to ensure that your customers are satisfied.
Dropshipping can do a lot for online retailers, but it’s important to properly understand its limitations so you know what to expect going in.
How to Get Started with Dropshipping
If you’re a new or small online retailer looking to utilize dropshipping as a fulfillment method, getting started isn’t a complicated process. However, it will take some time and work on your part in order to get things working smoothly.
Identify a niche
Knowing which products you’re going to sell will determine which dropship suppliers you contact. Therefore, picking a niche in which to sell will help you narrow the choices when looking for a supplier.
We’ve already discussed the reasons why you, as a small retailer, need to focus your offering in order to get established and profitable. Selling in a niche will establish your ecommerce site as a brand, which you can then build and leverage to expand your business.
Build a site
Site building is important, as we’ve already discussed. Luckily, building a website doesn’t require you to be a coding genius. Plenty of software solutions, like Volusion, exist. They’ll help you create a good-looking, responsive site without any knowledge of HTML or other programming languages.
Consider a business license
When you reach out to contact a potential supplier, having your business license lends more credibility to your query. Additionally, most cities require that a business license be purchased before any official transactions begin. Make sure to check your local laws regarding this step.
Once your other housekeeping items have been taken care of, you can begin contacting suppliers. There are a number of ways to do this.
The most effective way is going to be to search online for wholesale dropshipping suppliers.
Thoroughly research the companies you come across. Call them, ask questions and pester their current customers: anything you can do to ensure that the supplier you’re considering is worth your time and money. While there’s no such thing as a perfect supplier, you should be looking for suppliers who do honest business and demonstrate consistency in getting the products to your customers quickly.
There are companies out there that offer supplier catalogs, or even software, that lists verified suppliers in one location. If you’re having trouble finding good suppliers in your niche, it might be worth your time to look at a supplier catalog.
Successfully utilizing dropshipping as a fulfillment method is viable for any size of business, but it can especially help small or new online retailers who are looking to get into the game. For most retailers, the affordability and ease of access provided by the dropshipping model can’t be beat.